Urban logistics are extraordinarily complex and diverse, as cities are served by hundreds of different supply chains. The freight industry not only delivers the produce, commodities and other goods necessary to sustain the urban economy but also generates significant direct and indirect employment.
‘Goods movement is absolutely critical to people’s lives and must be addressed as a key component of the liveability and efficiency of our cities today’. Yet the actual contribution of urban freight to congestion, road degradation and air quality has largely been overlooked in sub-Saharan African cities and, until relatively recently, globally too. Most published research and evaluations of freight interventions are from Asian cities or from European cities with fewer than two million people. Freight planning in Africa, on the other hand, tends to be on a regional corridor and national scale rather than an urban one.
This policy brief broadly notes the key challenges facing urban freight movement and, within the constraints of the literature and studies available, presents four successful interventions in developing world cities: a city-level freight management strategy; a shift from road to rail for waste transport; the use of bicycles for inner-city cargo; and night deliveries in a mega-city. Finally, the document presents a typology of measures to reduce the environmental and social impact
of urban freight movement.
Citation: Jennings, Gail (2017) Planning for sustainable urban freight movement, brief for WWF-SA, Low-Carbon Passenger Transport Solutions, WWF-SA, Cape Town, South Africa